Retinal Issues

Retinal Issues
Our optometrist office in Athens is available for any retinal issues. 

Your retina is at the back of your eye and receives light that passes through your lens. It's responsible for converting that light into readable signals for your brain. Unfortunately, if you have a retinal issue, you may experience floaters, blurred or distorted vision, or even a loss of vision. Fortunately, Dr. Eric Selander can diagnose and present treatment options for problems with your retina. 

General Information About Retinal Issues

Issues with your retina may affect your central or side vision and cause visual disturbances. For some individuals, a significant amount of vision loss is possible. 

The problem may stem from a tear in your retina. Often, this is the result of the vitreous gel shrinking. It tugs on the tissue in your retina and can damage it. 

Your retina may detach. When the retina lifts away from the underlying tissue, you may experience tunnel vision or a "dark curtain." This requires emergency surgery to prevent permanent vision loss. 

Other possible issues with your retina include the following:

  • Macular degeneration
  • Macular hole
  • Epiretinal membrane
  • Diabetic retinopathy 
  • Retinitis pigmentosa 

What to Expect During Your Appointment for Retinal Issues 

The first part of the exam consists of  Dr. Selander asking you to complete a full medical history report, which inquires about any eye problems or other health problems you have. Then, you'll undergo an examination. Dr. Selander will ask about any recent eye problems you've had. 

 Dr. Selander will perform a slit-lamp exam, which utilizes light and a low-powered microscope. Your doctor looks inside your eye to detect any signs of tears, detachment, or other issues with your retina. 

Further testing may be necessary. For instance,  Dr. Selander may use an Amsler grid to assess your peripheral vision. You'll need to identify if any of the lines on the grid appear distorted, broken, or faded. 

An optical coherence tomography test may be used to capture an image of your retina. This particular test looks for holes and swelling in your macula. 

Additional tests may be used to further assess your retina:

  • Fluorescein angiography
  • Fundus autofluorescence
  • Indocyanine green angiography 

Treatment for Retinal Issues 

Treatment for your retinal problems may include prescription eyewear, a prescription magnifier, and patient education about methods that can optimize your vision. Dr. Selander may refer you to a retinal specialist, depending on your issue. 

Fortunately, most treatments are non-aggressive. Many conditions are manageable, especially when you seek out immediate medical attention. 

For more information about retinal issues, contact Liberty Eye Care at (423) 436-8972.



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